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NOBELOVCI IZ PODRUČJA NEUROZNANOSTI

Year of AwardName(s)Nationality/CitizenshipField of Study
1906Golgi, CamilloItalianStructure of the Nervous System
Ramon y Cajal, SantiagoSpanishStructure of the Nervous System
1911Gullstrand, AllvarSwedishOptics of the Eye
1914Barany, RobertAustrianPhysiology and pathology of the vestibular apparatus
1927Wagner-Jauregg, JuliusAustrianDiscovery of Malaria inoculation to treat dementia paralytica
1932Adrian, Edgar DouglasBritishFunction of neurons in sending messages
Sherrington, Charles Scott, SirBritishFunction of neurons in the brain and spinal cord
1936Dale, Henry Hallett, SirBritishChemical transmission of nerve impulses
Loewi, OttoGerman,
American Citizen
Chemical transmission of nerve impulses
1944Erlanger, JosephAmericanDifferentiated functions of single nerve fibers
Gasser, Herbert SpencerAmericanDifferentiated functions of single nerve fibers
1949Egas Moniz, Antonio Caetano Abreu FreirePortugueseLeucotomy for certain psychoses
Hess, Walter RudolphSwissThe "interbrain" (hypothalamus) used to control activity of internal organs
1957Bovet, DanielItalianWork on synthetic substances that inhibit action of body substances.
1961Von Bekesy, GeorgHungarian,
American Citizen
Function of the cochlea
1963Eccles, John Carew, SirAustralianIonic mechanisms of nerve cell membrane
Hodgkin, Alan Lloyd, SirBritishIonic mechanisms of nerve cell membrane
Huxley, Andrew Fielding, SirBritishIonic mechanisms of nerve cell membrane
1967Granit, Ragnar ArthurFinnish,
Swedish citizen
Mechanisms of Vision - Wavelength discrimination of the eye
Hartline, Halden KefferAmericanMechanisms of Vision
Wald, GeorgeAmericanMechanisms of Vision - chemical processes
1970Axelrod, JuliusAmericanHumoral transmitters in sympathetic nerves
Katz, Bernard, SirGerman,
British Citizen
Release of neurotransmitters from nerve terminals
von Euler, Ulf SvanteSwedishHumoral transmitters in sympathetic nerves
1973Lorenz, Konrad ZachariasAustrianEthology
Tinbergen, NikolaasDutchEthology
von Frisch, KarlAustrianEthology
1976Blumberg, Baruch S.AmericanMechanisms for origin and dissemination of infection disease
Gajdusek, Daniel CarletonAmericanMechanisms for origin and dissemination of infection disease
1977Guillemin, RogerFrench,
American Citizen
Production of peptides in the brain
Schally, Andrew VictorPolish,
Canadian/American Citizen
Production of peptides in the brain
1979Cormack, Allan MacLeodSouth African,
American Citizen
Invention of computer-assisted tomography
Hounsfield, Godfrey Newbold, SirBritishInvention of computer-assisted tomography
1981Hubel, David HunterCanadian,
American Citizen
Information processing in the visual system
Sperry, Roger WolcottAmericanFunctions of the right and left hemispheres of the brain
Wiesel, Torsten N.Swedish,
American Citizen
Information processing in the visual system
1982Samuelsson, Bengt IngemarSwedishDiscovery of prostaglandins
Vane, John RobertBritishDiscovery of prostaglandins
Bergstrom, Sune K.SwedishDiscovery of prostaglandins
1986Cohen, StanleyAmericanControl of nerve cell growth
Levi-Montalcini, RitaItalian,
American Citizen
Control of nerve cell growth
1991Neher, ErwinGermanFunction of single ion channels in cells
Sakmann, BertGermanFunction of single ion channels in cells
1994Gilman, Alfred G.AmericanDiscovery of G-protein coupled receptors and their role in signal transduction
Rodbell, MartinAmericanDiscovery of G-protein coupled receptors and their role in signal transduction
1997Prusiner, Stanley B.AmericanDiscovery of prions; a new biological principle of infection
2000Arvid CarlssonSwedishSignal transduction in the nervous system/dopamine
Paul GreengardAmericanSignal transduction in the nervous system
Eric R. KandelAmericanSignal transduction in the nervous system/learning
 

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